Substance Abuse Professionals (SAPs) and Substance Abuse Experts (SAEs) have different roles than EAPs. The role of a Substance Abuse Professional (SAP) or a Substance Abuse Expert (SAE) is strictly to determine the level of drug and/or alcohol use or abuse; to make recommendations for substance abuse treatment or education; to monitor the offenders’ compliance and to report violations and advise on follow-up testing programs for future monitoring. SAPs and SAEs are specialists in maintaining DOT and NRC compliance. An Employee Assistance Program counselor deals with a spectrum of emotional issues that affect employees, such as relationships, family stress, anxiety and substance abuse. An EAP counselor utilizes different procedures and requirements concerning confidentiality. The majority of EAP counselors do not meet the qualification standards required to perform DOT or NRC mandated SAP and SAE evaluations.